According to Caspian International News Agency, this American analyst of Russian affairs says, “ Vladimir Putin, the president of Russia is very busy. He has met with both Hassan Rouhani the president of Iran and Ilham Aliyev the president of Azerbaijan. He has also met with Recep Tayyip Erdogan, the president of Turkey, one day later at St. Petersburg.
Iran and Russia relations have always been strong. These relations have improved more after the presence of Iranian advisors in Syria. At the same time, the relations between Russia and Turkey had been damaged due to the Syria crisis, but this relation is being repaired. Moscow and Ankara have cooperated for many years in the areas of trade. Their great disagreement over the crisis in Syria was about supporting one of the parties involved in the crisis.
The military intervention of Russia in Syria last September changed the balance of forces in favor of Assad and against Syrian opposition. The highest tension in the two country’s relations was caused by the shooting down of the Russian aircraft by Turkey. The relations of the two countries broke off after that. At the same time, Erdogan’s relationship with the West soured because of his increasingly growing authoritarian internal policies. As a result, Turkey decided to approach Russia again, because of the economic losses caused by the army’s tension with Moscow and to stay away from the West.
In the end, Katz writes, “Moscow has a difficult road ahead. It needs the support of Erdogan against the Syrian crisis and it also knows that it has to maintain its good relations with Iran.”
(Translating by Negar Lotfi)